This is constructed in about 12,000 sqm. area with spacious exhibition halls, a reference library, indoor & outdoor auditoriums and other miscellaneous facilities, and dedicated to the nation in March, 2005. The structure is unique in its architecture, constructed on a rocky terrain incorporating difficult levels of the sloppy land. The various exhibition halls and auditoriums have been constructed on approximately 16 levels. The structure is covered with Dholpur sand-stone cladding from all sides, and the flooring is made with Kota stones. Approximately 7000 sq.mt. floor area is utilized for exhibitions, in 10 galleries. An important aspect of these galleries are the active involvement of different community groups in developing the exhibits, and their presentations in appropriate environment. Another special feature is the life size displays and visitor friendly approaches for visitors' convenience.
Human Evolution and Variation: It presents the landmarks of the process of human evolution in different stages through models, photographs, charts, sketches, etc. Emphasis has been put on the Narmada-man discovered at Hathnora in Madhya Pradesh, which indicates India as one of the early locations of human bio-cultural evolution;
Human Odyssey – Depicts material cultural objects on settlement patterns, subsistence and aesthetic activities of hunter-gatherers, shifting cultivators, pastoralists, peasants and ethno-medical practitioners in India;
Longo Jatra – A festival of the Koitor life style and festivities of Gond tribes of Central India;
Mandwa Gohri – envisages holistic presentation on the Bhill tribes of Western India.
Ethnic Art: - Presents the ethnic art of selected folk and tribal communities from Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, etc.;
Belief Systems, Cosmology and Rituals – Presents ritual objects, photographs, masks, memorial pillars, paintings, etc. to narrate cosmology, belief systems and rituals of different communities;
Music & Performing Traditions – Presents music traditions of various communisties;
Masks – Repository of varieties of traditional masks collected from different parts of India;
Textile & Culinary Traditions – Depicts traditional architecture, textile tradition, traditional technology and culinary traditions;
Reserve Collection & Research Gallery - A representative collection of about 4,000 objects from the Museum’s artifacts store of over 20,000 objects??? are on display in a big hall on the lower ground floor. This is one of the few museums where a significant number of specimens from reserve collections are on display for informed visitors.